Due to advances in modern medicine and a better understanding of the mouth and how teeth, gums, and the tongue all work together for good oral health care, it is more and more common for people to opt to have their wisdom teeth removed. Wisdom teeth are the last adult teeth that emerge as a child ages, and are located in the back of the mouth. Each person usually has four, although it is not uncommon for some people to only have some of their wisdom teeth emerge.
One of the major problems with wisdom teeth is that they do not always align well in the mouth. They can emerge from the gums at odd angles to the rest of the teeth in the mouth, and this can cause major problems. When they come in angled toward the rest of the teeth, they can push teeth out of position, which is a major problem if the patient has already had braces to straighten their teeth. Wisdom teeth that are angled outwards or inwards can also cause pain and difficulty eating.
When wisdom teeth do not emerge all of the way from the gums they are called “impacted.” This partial eruption of the teeth will leave a hole in the gums that bacteria can easily enter. Since this hole is difficult to keep clean, bacteria often cause infections around the wisdom teeth, resulting in stiffness in the jaw, swelling, and a lot of pain. Once there is an infection, the patient will need to take antibiotics to clear up the issue, and removal of the tooth is recommended.
Whether the wisdom tooth has fully emerged, is impacted, or is still in the jawbone determines the kind of anaesthesia and surgery that will be necessary to remove it. It is easiest to remove a wisdom tooth that is fully erupted, but ones that are still in the jaw or gums will need to be removed in pieces while the patient is under sedation. Learn more about wisdom tooth surgery in Singapore and which procedure is right for you.
It is common for patients to experience some minor bleeding during the first day after having their wisdom teeth removed. In addition, there may be some facial swelling and bruising that will soon both disappear. Any discomfort and stiffness in the jaw is to be expected, but by resting the jaw and taking medication prescribed by the doctor, this will be kept at a minimum.
Allowing your wisdom teeth to erupt can cause a host of problems. In addition to causing pain while eating and resulting in your teeth being pushed out of the way, wisdom teeth are difficult to clean because of their location in the back of the mouth and are prone to disease and decay. Finding a great doctor to remove your wisdom teeth is the best option for care.