The special branch of medical science that is related to ears, nose, and throat is known as otolaryngology and the specialists of the region arecalled ENT (Ears, Nose, and Throat) doctors. ENT doctors can treat as well as make surgery. There are many conditions when we visit ENT doctors for the treatment. These conditions are of sinusitis, tonsillitis, head and neck pain, ear infections, nose infections and injuries, vertigo, speech and swallowing disorders, different sleep disorders including sleep apnea etc.
Types of ENT surgery
Sinus surgery: When therapeutics isa failure to solve the chronic problems of sinus infections, sinus surgery is the last options to solve this problem. Various sinus surgeries are listed below.
- Image-guided surgery: Computed endoscopy and tomography are combined in this process so that the visualization of the ENT surgeon will be improved for observing the area that is targeted. It is very helpful to correct the older sinus surgery and to address the abnormalities of sinus anatomy.
- Endoscopic sinus surgery: In this method, ENT doctors perform the examination of sinus openings to detect the obstructive or unnatural outgrowth of tissues and after detecting that is removed instantly.
- Removal of the damaged part: Maxillary sinus is located below the eye and it is connected to nose for the optimization its drainage. Sometimes, when mucosa of the maxillary sinus gets damaged irreversibly, it is removed.
PE Tubes (Myringotomy): Ear surgery is made for draining the fluid that is accumulated in the middle ear. In this process, a tube is inserted into the ear for draining the fluid. Accumulation of fluid leads to chronic infections in the ear that may be the reason for hearing problems. A ventilation tube is selected by the surgeon and it is placed inside the middle ear for improving the condition and for returning the Eustachian tube in normal condition.
Nasal septum surgery (Septoplasty): The nasal septum helps to divide the nose into two separate nasal cavities. Sometimes it deviates and as a result of this, nasal problems are created. To correct the deviated nasal septum, septoplasty is used by the ENT surgeon. This method is also used for the treatment and removal of tumors, nasal polyps, inflammation, bleeding etc.
Tympanoplasty: Perforations of the tympanic membrane (eardrum) do not repair their own and the surgery is needed to heal this condition. Tympanoplasty is a surgical process in which the tissues are grafted across the eardrum that has been perforated and this will heal the perforated eardrum. An incision is required at the behind of the ear for obtaining the tissues for the patch. In case of small perforation, a part of the fat tissue can be used and fat tissue can be obtained by making a small incision at the behind of earlobe of the patient. Normally, a dissolvable packing is placed at the behind of eardrum and ear canal by the surgeon. At the post-operative period, water is to be restricted for the ear. The activities which may increase the pressure in the ear should be avoided.
By following different medical websites, you can get the help of the best ENT surgeon in India and you will be able to solve your ears, nose and throat problems.