A temporary pigmentation that follows an injury such as a burn is referred to medically as acquired melanosis. The condition, in layperson’s terms, is called post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation. This type of condition is often seen in darker types of skin. If injuries are severe, a permanent condition known as post-inflammatory hypopigmentation may develop.
Some Ways Hyperpigmentation Can Develop
Whilst post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation can happen to anyone, darker-skinned people normally are more affected. This type of condition follows a skin inflammation (such as dermatitis) or a wound. When the condition occurs in conjunction with facial wounds, it may form from infected pimples or from cuts made during shaving.
Sometimes during the healing process, chemicals known as cytokines may promote the production of melanocytes, which causes more melanin to be produced. When too much melanin is produced, the result is post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation, which either affects the epidermis (skin surface) or dermis (inside layer of the skin). If the epidermis is affected, the pigmentation will display a tan to dark brown colour. Without treatment, it can take several years to get rid of this darker patch.
Choosing the Appropriate Therapy
If the inner skin layer, the dermis, is affected, the skin tends to denote a greyish-bluish hue. If this pigmentation is not treated, it can end up being permanent. Therefore, an effective hyperpigmentation treatment for women can be found by using one of several noted therapies. These therapies include chemical peels, microdermabrasion, topical treatments, or facial solutions.
If you choose a chemical peel, the area of the pigmentation is exfoliated with such chemicals as salicylic acid and glycolic acid. Because this treatment can be intense, you may experience side effects in the form of redness, blistering, or discolouration.
Similar in nature to a chemical peel, microdermabrasion treats hyperpigmentation by exfoliating the surface skin. Suction and fine crystals are used during the process. As a result, this type of exfoliation method is gentler to the skin. Side effects, however, may still include some skin redness and irritation or swelling or discolouration.
A less-intense treatment includes the use of a topical cream containing a retinoid and vitamin C. This type of cream is often prescribed for removing an epidermal hyperpigmentation. Because this over-the-counter product is milder, it takes a longer time to lighten the darker skin.
Facial treatments can also be used to lighten post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation. Normally, when this approach is employed, it is customised to the individual. Facial treatments therefore take into consideration the skin type of the patient and are considered signature treatments. In just one session, the visible signs of pigmentation can be dramatically reduced.
Therefore, facial rejuvenation offers several benefits. These benefits are listed as follows:
- Exfoliation of dead skin cells
- Rehydration of the skin, causing the skin to look smoother and feel silkier
- Promotion of the growth of new cells
- Minimisation of pore size
- A lightening of the pigmentation
- Stimulation of collagen and elastin
If you want to revitalise the looks of your skin, a facial treatment of this type is often suggested, especially if you want to use a moderate approach that will reap good results.